Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview – Moreland & Craig

Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview – Moreland & Craig Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview by Dr. J. P. Moreland and Dr. William Lane Craig (two of the most respected leaders in Christian apologetics), is an epic work! Philosophy is a topic that most Christian avoid. They tend to do so for two primary reasons: They feel it is beyond their comprehension. They believe it to be bad. On the first point, that is often the case. Philosophers are known for taking difficult concepts, and making them even more difficult to understand. On the second, if we consider the etymology of the word, Philosophy, we will see that it is the combination of two Greek words: philo (meaning “love”) and sophia (meaning “wisdom”). We are commanded in Scripture to “love wisdom” (Prov. 4:6), so in that sense, we all should “do” philosophy. And I would contend, we do. We all grapple with the big questions of life: “What is reality? Who am I?, What is my purpose? What is right and wrong? What happens when I die?” These are philosophical questions. The question is not, “Should we do philosophy?” but rather “Is my approach to philosophy Biblical, or Humanistic?” This book covers (in the Introduction): “What is philosophy?” It also addresses the issue of argumentation and logic. It then addresses: Epistemology (the study of knowledge) Metaphysics (the study of being or reality — includes the study of ideas) Philosophy of Science (the study of the physical world and nature’s laws) Ethics (knowing what is right and wrong) Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology There are many sub-categories under each. The material is presented at a college level, and unless you are especially interested in this topic, this is not a book that you will choose to curl up with at night. But it is an amazing reference tool, and pastors, counselors, Christian leaders, and serious scholars will definitely want to add this resource to their study collection. Did I mention it is almost 700 pages?!! This is the most comprehensive book I have seen to-date on this important topic. This new second edition is case-bound and was released in October 2017, by InterVarsity Press. Review by Site Editor for ChristianWorldview.net: Israel Wayne...

Presuppositions – Why They Matter

Presuppositions – Why They Matter Ever had a conversation with someone, and all the while you had the nagging feeling that they didn’t WANT to be convinced by your point of view? Did it seem that they were merely trying to defend their current viewpoint, or even formulating their rebuttal to your argument, before they had even heard or understood your thesis? The fact is, you were probably right. That is almost certainly what was happening. I’ll explain why: Presuppositions. Before we embark on a study, enter a conversation, or begin an activity, we all have preconceived ideas and notions that inform how we engage such an endeavor. There are things that we suppose, or take for granted, without even consciously thinking about it. We all make a priori assumptions about matters, even before we have all of the basic facts (based on our prior experience). These biases or preconditioned notions are called Presuppositions. Presuppositions Shape Our Worldview Presuppositions help to shape our worldview (the lenses through which we see all of life and reality). The older people get, the more convinced they are that their view of the world is correct. When they hear something new, their first reaction, if it is unfamiliar territory for them, and especially if it runs counter to their preconceived notions, is to reject it immediately as being false. They presume that if this new information were actually true, they would have surely heard it before now. Especially if what you are telling them goes against what people they love and respect have taught them, you are almost certainly never going to turn them to your point of view immediately. Sometimes people have too much emotionally invested in their Presuppositions to consider the possibility that they might be wrong. Because of the deeply held emotional attachment that people hold to their ideas (a person’s beliefs are an extension of their personhood), in one sense, there is almost no way for them NOT to be defensive of their Presuppositions.  For many people to question, or attack, their beliefs, is to attack THEM. I hope realizing this will help you to understand these dynamics better, and to cause you not to have too high of an expectation regarding what you are capable of doing in persuading another person to believe something they are not previously inclined to want to believe. In the end, it takes time and patience and a sovereign act of God to see someone change his or her worldview. Israel Wayne is an Author and Conference Speaker and the...

The Existence of God

The Existence of God The Bible does not try to prove the existence of God. It simply presupposes it. The existence of God is not dependent upon our belief. God either exists, or He does not. You can neither prove, nor disprove the existence of God. Whether or not we believe in God depends upon our response to the evidence we have been given. Romans 1 tells us that God has given us ALL the information we need to believe that God exists from the created universe (General Revelation). So why then do people reject the idea of God? The problem is NOT that they don’t have enough evidence, the problem is that their hearts are hard and they do not want to submit to God’s rule and authority in their lives. This is the main problem with the skeptic. He is not unconvinced primarily because of his mind, but rather his will is in rebellion. Moving someone from the position of Hard Atheist, to Strong Agnostic is useful because it essentially removes an element of stubbornness, and puts the conversation on a more humble footing, where it belongs. The decision to accept the existence of God is not based on Omniscient knowledge, but rather on reasonable certainty, based on the evidence God has provided. Israel Wayne is an Author and Conference Speaker and Director of Family Renewal, LLC. He is the Site Editor of...

How Now Shall We Live? – By Charles Colson and Nancy Pearcey

The late Charles Colson established himself as a pillar of wisdom and insight within the Christian community. The struggles of his fall from grace in the public eye during the Watergate scandal, his subsequent conversion to Christianity, and his ministry through Prison Fellowship, were used by God to conform his heart and worldview to God’s Word. If Mr. Colson were only able to leave us with one book from his heart, I suspect that How Now Shall We Live? may be the one he would choose. This book is truly a foundational book in terms of dealing with a comprehensive look at the Christian faith. With this book Mr. Colson has placed himself in the ranks of the truly great works from apologists like C.S. Lewis, Francis Schaeffer and Dr. David Noebel’s book, Understanding the Times. Colson shares that any worldview must address the following questions: Where Did We Come From? (Origins: Naturalism vs. Divine Creation) Who Are We? (Ontological issues, Sociology) What Has Gone Wrong With the World? (The Fall, The Problem of Evil and Suffering) What Can We Do To Fix It? (Redemption: Salvation vs. Humanism) One of the key premises of the book is stated in the introduction: “Evangelism and cultural renewal are both divinely ordained duties. God exercises his sovereignty in two ways: through saving grace and common grace.” Much of the book is dedicated to the practical application of how we can, as Christians, be part of redeeming culture, not merely souls. For those who may feel that this is a misguided approach, and that only the preaching of the gospel is important (we should avoid being involved in social activity), you may be disappointed that Mr. Colson doesn’t really prove this point Biblically, he merely presupposes it based on a long line of Christian thought from Augustine to Aquinas to Calvin, Luther, Kuyper, etc. While Mr. Colson certainly believes that the Gospel is the only thing that can transform culture, he also believes, probably based in large part on his numerous experiences working in prisons, that there is a practical, human work to do. God has redeemed work (it is not a curse) and humanness. Giving a cup of cold water in the name of Jesus has an eternal reward. It would be rare to find someone who agrees entirely with Mr. Colson on all points (particularly his alliance with some ecumenical movements), but one thing we hopefully can all agree upon is...

© Israel Wayne.